United Nations Emergency Force
- (UNEF)The United Nations (UN) peacekeeping force that was inserted between Israeli and Egyptian armies at the end of the Sinai War (1956). UN General Assembly Resolution 1000 (ES-1) of 5 November 1956 empowered the secretary general to establish an international emergency force with the capabilities of keeping the Egyptian-Israeli front at peace until a political settlement could be reached. UNEF was created as an armed police force, though it was authorized to use force only in self-defense. Its mandate was premised on four major objectives: secure the cessation of hostilities and supervise the cease-fire; ensure the orderly withdrawal of Israeli, British, and French forces from Egyptian territory; patrol the border between Israel and Egypt; and ensure the observance of the Egypt-Israel armistice agreement.The first UNEF unit was deployed to the Suez Canal on 15 November 1956. On 7 March 1957, the force became operational in the Gaza Strip with the permission of Egypt following the Israeli withdrawal. Israel never permitted UNEF to operate on its soil. At its strength, UNEF forces were deployed along the 145 miles of international frontiers connecting Israel and Egypt.The force functioned successfully for 10 years, until 18 May 1967, when Secretary General U Thant acquiesced to Egyptian president Gamal Abdul Nasser's request to terminate UNEF's presence in Egypt. When on the same day Israel declined a request to allow UNEF to redeploy to the Israeli side of the international boundary, U Thant felt there was no choice but to terminate the force's operation. He was widely criticized for moving prematurely in this matter, thereby complicating diplomatic efforts to forestall hostilities in the spring of 1967.See also Six-Day War (1967).
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
United Nations Emergency Force — The first United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was established by United Nations General Assembly to secure an end to the 1956 Suez Crisis with resolution 1001 (ES I) on November 7, 1956, and in large measure as a result of efforts by UN… … Wikipedia
United Nations Emergency Force — UNEF I III Einsatzgebiet Ägypten, Gazastreifen Deutsche Bezeichnung Noteinsatztruppe der Vereinten Nationen Englische Bezeichnung United Nations Emergency Force Französische Bezeichnung Force d’urgenc … Deutsch Wikipedia
United Nations Emergency Force II — (UNEF II) The second United Nations (UN) peacekeeping force inserted between Israel and Egypt. It was established by UN Security Council Resolution 340 on 25 October 1973 at the end of the Yom Kippur War. Unlike its predecessor, UNEF, which… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon — The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, was created by the United Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 on March 19, 1978, to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and … Wikipedia
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 377 — United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution 377 A,UN document |docid=A RES 377(V) |type=Resolution| body=General Assembly |accessdate=2007 09 21|date=3 November 1950] the Uniting for Peace resolution, states that, in cases where the United… … Wikipedia
United Nations Security Council Resolution 362 — United Nations Security Council Resolution 362, adopted on October 23, 1974, after deciding that though the Middle East was quiet now the situation was still volatile the Council decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force … Wikipedia
United Nations Security Council Resolution 340 — United Nations Security Council Resolution 340, adopted on October 25, 1973, after the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War. After learning of the apparent failure of resolutions 338 and 339 the Council demanded an immediate and complete cease fire be… … Wikipedia
United Nations Security Council Resolution 341 — United Nations Security Council Resolution 341, adopted on October 27, 1973, after the report of the Secretary General on the implementation of Resolution 340 the Council decided that the Force shall to be established in accordance with the above … Wikipedia
United Nations Security Council Resolution 368 — United Nations Security Council Resolution 368, adopted on April 17, 1975, recalled previous resolutions and considered a report from the Secretary General before calling upon the parties involved in the prevailing state of tension in the Middle… … Wikipedia
United Nations Truce Supervision Organization — UNTSO is an acronym for United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, an organization founded on 29 May 1948 [ [http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/a9a8da193bd46c54852560e50060c6fd!OpenDocument UN Doc A/RES/186 (S… … Wikipedia